Upland Hydroecology Program


Active member of Southeast Asian Universities and Agroecosystems Network (SUAN), popularized Agroecosystem Analysis, Rapid Rural Appraisal, Assisted Natural Regeneration, Strategic Environmental Planning and Environmental Impact Assessment


Environmental Education Network of the Philippines (EENP) was established where SESAM serves as its permanent secretariat


Productivity enhancement through drip irrigation


Environment Resource Management Project (ERMP), a CIDA-funded project that pioneered Environment and Natural Resource Management studies in the Philippines and Canada

1995- onwards

Continuing assistance to several State Universities and Colleges/Higher Education Institution on their environmental science programs (i.e. Benguet State University, UP Cebu, UP Mindanao, Isabela State University,  etc.)


Environmental Security Management Program (ESMP), an extension of ERMP that tested the CBRM and environmental governance


Philippine Association of Tertiary Level Educational Institution for Environmental Protection and Management (PATLEPAM) establishment and leadership


Conducted several Environmental Impact Assessment  (EIA) and Programatic EIA and Environmental Code


Annual international training course on crop-livestock-environment interaction

2007- present

Secretariat of the UPLB Interdisciplinary Program on Climate Change (IdPCC) which implemented projects on mainstreaming climate change in local government planning and educational institutions


Coastal economic valuation studies supported by Conservation International (CI)


Millenium Development Goal Fund –National Economic and Development Authority (MDGF-NEDA) Strengthening the Philippine Institutional Capacity to Adapt to Climate Change


World Food Programme projects on Disaster Risk Reduction Management and climate change adaptation


CHED Center of Development Research Grant


Vulnerability, impact and adaptation of the Calamba side of Mt. Makiling Forest Reserve to Climate Change.


Assessment of Forest Fragmentation and Land Use Change Drivers in Barangay Puting Lupa, Mt. Makiling Forest Reserve, and the Dynamics Between Forest Regrowth and Regional Industrialization.


Influence of Agro-industrialization on the Land Use of the Landscape of Mt Makiling in San Juan River Watershed in Calamba City and Sto. Tomas, Batangas.


Influence of Land Uses on Water Quality and Fish Assemblage of the Different Tributaries of Mt Makiling Watershed  in Los Banos and Bay, Laguna, Philippines.


Perception of LGU officials on Mt. Makiling  management


Policy Support for the protection and management of Mt. Makiling Forest Reserve buffer zone along the corridors of Calamba City.


Survival and growth of broadcasted Gliricidia sepium (kakawate) seeds in a Grassland in Carranglan, Nueva Ecija and Mt. Makiling, Calamba City, Philippines


Growth and Development of Coffea arabica Under the Stand of Pinus kesiya and Alnus japonica in Itogon, Benguet, Philippines


Fire, Grassland and People: Opportunities and Constraints in the Rehabilitation of Marginal Grasslands in Carranglan, Nueva Ecija, Philippines


CHED Philippine Higher Education Research Network (PHERNet) Grant


Enhancing Resilience of Existing Agricultural Systems in Rainfed Lowland and Upland Ecosystems of Quezon by Developing and Testing Alternative Staple Crops and Varieties


Assessment on climate change impacts to yields of key agricultural commodities both in the upland (Rootcrops, fruit-bearing and vegetables) and aquatic ecosystems (tilapia, tawilis, bangus) using several climate change scenarios models


Developing, Testing and Validating Rapid Risk and Vulnerability Assessment tools and techniques


Climate change influences on watershed landscape patterns and water quality


Fisheries Climate change adaptation program in Laguna and Quezon provinces


Formulation of guideline for integration of climate change assessment and disaster risk response in local development planning and mainstreaming climate change research in policy formulation in selected LGUs



Jan 2013

Predictive Forensics for Averting Possible Disasters: A FORIN Template for Tackling Issues Related to the Valley Fault System and the Angat Dam in Luzon, Philippines

July 2013

Establishing the history of the Philippine island arc system: Clues from the rocks of the Zambales-Pangasinan region

Nov 2013

Learning from each other: A National Conference on Building blocks for Climate Resilient local communities in the Philippines

Dec 2013

Reforestation techniques Caranglan

Dec 2013

Intercropping coffee (Baguio)

Jan 2014

Effect of climate change on endemic species in Laguna lake

April 2014

Phase II of the RP-Taiwan collaboration on Geoscience: Overriding the plate dynamics: Towards an integrated understanding of the central Philippine tectonics and its implications for mineralization, current environmental conditions and geophysical hazards

April 2014

Paleomagnetism of the Amnay Ophiolite: Constraining the translation history of South China Sea oceanic fragment

May 2014

Study of the National "Green Agriculture" Strategies and Policies: Closing the Gap Between Aspirations and Application

May 2014

Program: Analysis of the dynamics of ecosystems and society under stress through landscape science approach;
Project: The Case of San Juan and Cambatoc River Basins in Mt. Makiling- Laguna de Bay Landscape

June 2014

Program: Enhancing food security through synergistic climate change adaptation program in biodiversity and agriculture;
Component 1: Enhancing food security through improved resilience of existing agricultural;
Component 2: Sustainable conservation of bio

June 2014

Program: Enhancing food security through synergistic climate change adaptation program in biodiversity and agriculture;
Project 1.8: GIS aided and community assisted spatial climate resilient seasonal cropping decision system in Laguna

Aug 2014

Enhancing and Strengthening the Capacity of SUCs and LGUs in Mainstreaming DRRM-CCA in Local Planning  funded by the World Food

Sept 2014

DENR-EMP Project. Baseline Assessment  on Integration of Environment Education (EE) and Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) Concerns in the Curricula of Philippine Elementary and High System.

Sept 2014

Willingness to pay for sanitation services in Sta. Rosa, laguna

Sept 2014

Baseline assessment of integration of Environmental Education (EE) and Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) Concerns in the curricula of Philippine Elementary and High School System

Dec 2014

Philippines-Taiwan integrated predictive studies of geometeorological hazards


Assessment of the Benthic Resources of the Benham Bank Seamount (SM-Benthos)

Benham proj1


  • Grossly characterize the bottom types and benthic habitats on the seamount of the Benham bank.
  • Assess, where possible, coral reef and associated fish communities, and associated seaweeds and invertebrates at selected sites/bottom types on the seamount.
  • Morphologically describe and archive benthos samples/specimens from the selected sites/bottom types; and d) to document sediment biogenic features and assess sediment communities (where possible) and microbial communities associated with selected benthic.

Project Leader: Dr. Hildie Marie E. Nacorda


Formulation of the 10-year Solid Waste Management Plan of the Municipality of General Nakar


Objective: Formulate the 10-year Solid Waste Management Plan of General Nakar

Project Leader: Dr. Rico Ancog


Ten Years After the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment of Laguna de Bay: Towards a Sustainable Future

EIDR During Geophysical Survey at MCXEIDR Laguna de Bay

Project 1: Geologic Hazards

Objectives: Study geophysical hazards in the area and understand their potential impacts to communities for their consideration in their development plans.

Project 2: Pollution Monitoring Proxies

Objectives: Characterize the lake in terms of pollution levels through the analyses of water and sediment samples and develop pollution monitoring proxies using environmental magnetism.

Project 3: Watershed Management

Objectives: Characterize the biophysical aspects of the watersheds, evaluate land use changes and identify critical areas through watershed vulnerability assessment.

Project 4: Socio-ecological assessment

Objectives: Produce a synthesis of state-of-the-art information on Laguna de Bay and generate new baselines and provide indicators on how the targets recommended after the MA have been met or missed

Program Leader: Dr. Maria Victoria O. Espaldon


Documentation and Evaluation of Disaster Mitigation, Preparedness, and Response Projects in the Municipalities Under the WFP-DPR Programme in Four Provinces: Cagayan, Benguet, Laguna and Sorsogon 

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  • Identify best practices based on the components of disaster risk reduction and the economic value of the different DRRM initiatives and the lessons learned of the eleven municipalities through the WFP DPR initiative;
  • Document the best practices and lessons learned by the LGU in Disaster Risk Reduction and Management; and
  • Package IEC materials ready for dissemination to assist WFP in improving their future DPR initiatives in other regions of the country 

 Project Leader: Mr. Thaddeus P. Lawas


Monitoring and Detection of Ecosystem Changes for Enhancing Resilience and Adaptation in the Philippines (MODECERA)



The overall goal of this program is to set up a long-term monitoring system in selected ecosystems to enhance resilience and adaptation  of agriculture, fisheries, and natural resources sector, through the promotion of science and technology based management and policy decisions

Specifically, the objectives are the following:

  • Describe the unique features of sentinel terrestrial, aquatic and marine ecosystems;
  • Examine ecosystem elements and their interactions, including human components;
  • Detect ecosystem changes, in composition and function;
  • Determine influences of climate change and other drivers of change on agriculture, particularly plant and livestock production;
  • Enable generation of data for ecosystem simulation and modeling;
  • Develop expertise to forecast changes in ecosystem based on changes in key drivers;
  • Enhance the innate resilience and adaptive capacity of various ecosystems;
  • Use the database to advise the practices and management of agriculture and fisheries in the country; and
  • Integrate the monitoring results with mandated agencies’ and ongoing monitoring programs’ results and activities.

Project Components:

Project 1. Ecosystems Observation Network

Project 2. Field Crops

Project 3. Industrial and Fruit Crops

Project 4. Integrated Pest Management 

Program Leader: Dr. Rex Victor O. Cruz

Co-Program Leader: Dr. Maria Victoria O. Espaldon


Assessing the Efficiency and Prospects of Tunnel Vent Technology for the Swine and Poultry Industries in the Philippines

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  • Determine the state-of-the-art of the tunnel vent technology in the Philippines and abroad;
  • Document the extent of adoption of tunnel vent technology in the Philippines including practices of the industry and the current innovations;
  • Determine the effect of the technology in the technical performance and efficiency of swine and poultry production;
  • Assess the financial viability of the tunnel vent technology in swine and poultry production; and
  • Estimate the environmental benefits and costs associated with the tunnel vent technology.

Project Leader: Dr. Rico C. Ancog


Building Capacity for Urban Agriculture in Santa Rosa City, Philippines 

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Objective: The project aims to explore ways how to effectively integrate urban agriculture into local plans, programs, and policies in Sta. Rosa City, Laguna. Specifically, it intends to:

  • Identify specific open urban areas that may be vulnerable to climate change yet possess high potential for different types or urban agriculture for pilot site demonstration;
  • Assess how urban agriculture activities that would answer both food security and climate change considerations be integrated into at least 3 city policies of Sta. Rosa; and
  • Recommend policy guidelines on how urban agriculture as a climate change adaptation strategy could be mainstreamed into local government plans, programs and policies.

Project Leader: Dr. Rico C. Ancog


Social Network Analysis of Selected Community-based Forest Management (CBFM) Projects in the Philippines

ASFN Resource MappingASFN TransectASFN Vegetation Survey

General Objective: To assess the role of social forestry networks in the success of selected community-based forestry management (CBFM) programs in the Philippines.

Specific Objectives:

  • Assess the success of two CBFM sites in terms of environmental and socio-economic indicators
  • Evaluate the performance of the selected community-based forest management sites in terms of social networks and tenure security; and
  • Analyze how strengthened social forestry network performance could contribute to the sustainability of social forestry projects in the Philippines.


Smarter Approaches to Reinvigorate Agriculture as an Industry (SARAI) in the Philippines

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Overview: Advances in information technology, cropping systems modeling, geographic information systems (GIS), and field sensors can be combined to develop decision support models and early warning system that will help farmers and policy makers to come-up with sound and science-based judgments under uncertain situation brought about by climate change.

The development of a Smarter Approaches to Reinvigorate Agriculture as an Industry in the Philippines (SARAI) that integrates different decision support systems and models into one set-up is the realization of such an early warning system.

Objectives: The main objective of SARAI is to recommend science-based crops and cropping system technologies, protocols and long-term strategies geared towards maximizing crop yield and minimizing adverse environmental and climate impacts on six priority crops: rice, corn, banana, coconut, coffee and cacao.

SARAI will generate an online environment decision support system which will provide timely crop advisories and crop forecasts for the agricultural sector.

Of the 5 component projects, SESAM is directly involved in two:

Project 4. Capacity and Knowledge-Building

• Analyzed training needs

• New and complementary training tools and activities

• Conduct of trainings, IEC and joint learning activities on smarter farming techniques, ICM, DSS, AWS/Sensors

Project 5. SARAI Mainstreaming

• Identification of policy issues and formulation of policy papers

• Publication of research results

• Organization of planning and scientific meetings

• Establish: Crop-Climate Forecasting and Modeling Laboratory

• Build consortium to ensure sustainability