NASA Scientist Opens Research Opportunities in the Field of Lake Water Monitoring

Comiso

Balik-Scientist tour of duty. Dr. Josefino Comiso is back in the country for another series of lecture and collaborations.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Senior Scientist, Dr. Josefino Comiso, presented about the Application of Remote Sensing in Monitoring Water Quality and Lake Surface Water Uses, and Land Use Change of Laguna de Bay Basin, at NCAS Auditorium, College of Arts and Sciences, UPLB, last Febuary 13, 2017.

Dr. Comiso started off with an overview of NASA’s activities, and the various satellites they launched for different missions and purposes. NASA is collating all the satellite images, and they are also in charge of processing these satellite data into different levels of interpretations and usage, ranging from Level 0 to Level 4. At higher levels, the satellite data are processed into more useful parameters and formats.

Using the different levels of processed data, Dr. Comiso showed satellite images of Laguna de Bay, and presented how students and researchers can use these remotely sensed data to interpret and monitor the level of pollutions of the lake. Dr. Comiso emphasized on two important measures in using satellite images for monitoring and research purposes. First, he mentioned the importance of identifying and establishing parameters that research studies want to look at. Even with the availability of data, researchers must prioritize a number of parameters they want to study and quantify.

Second, he emphasized the importance of conducting time series analysis. An effective time series analysis, through continuous monitoring and analyzing of available data, should be done for at least 30 years of satellite data. This time series analysis will allow researchers to establish or observe an occurring trend, or describe a recurring activity in the selected study area. 

The bottomline of the lecture was how the academe can use these freely available data – both to establish a new monitoring methodology, and to complement existing field monitoring protocols.

Dr. Comiso will have his next lecture on Drought Forecasting in the Philippines on May 20, at NCAS Auditorium.

Project SARAI Pre-tests Training Toolkit for Corn

Dr. Cayabyab-SARAI

Dr. Cayabyab from NCPC, UPLB giving lecture on pests of corn.

As an essential step in the development of educational program interventions, a “Pre-testing for SARAI Training Toolkit for Corn” was held last 24-25 January 2017 at the Institute of Cooperatives and Bio-Enterprise Development (ICOPED) Auditorium, University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB). The activity was participated by the Provincial Corn Coordinator, Municipal Agricultural Officers, Agricultural Technicians, and Farmer Leaders from Occidental Mindoro and San Pablo, Laguna.

The SARAI Training Toolkit for Corn was developed by the SARAI Project 4 (Capacity- and Knowledge-Building) component, with the help of SARAI experts. This will serve as a guide for agricultural extension workers in capacitating the farmers with SARAI-generated knowledge and other essential information regarding agriculture. The overall content structure of this toolkit puts greater emphasis on enabling users to easily understand technical concepts and to develop a better appreciation of the different interacting factors that affect corn production.

Volume 1 of the Toolkit, which is the Introduction to Project SARAI was presented at the start of the program by Ms. Heidi Mendoza, a University Researcher at the School of Environmental Science and Management (SESAM). The SARAI Knowledge Portal was introduced and demonstrated by the SARAI’s system developer team headed by Professor Concepcion Khan of the Institute of Computer Science (ICS), UPLB. The volume on climate, weather, and climate change was discussed by Dr. Yusuf Sucol, also a University Researcher of SESAM, while Volume III, which is about pests and diseases of corn, was discussed by SARAI experts from the National Crop Protection Center, Dr.  Bonifacio Cayabyab and Mr. Melvin Ebuenga. A web/mobile application called Maize Nutrient Expert was demonstrated by Ms. Luzviminda Sazon, SARAI University Research Associate at the Institute of Plant Breeding (IPB), UPLB. Lastly, a computer program called Water balanced-Assisted Irrigation Decision Support System or WAISS and a fabricated cost-efficient soil moisture sensor were presented by Engr. Yaminah Mochica Pinca and Engr. Marck Ferdie Eusebio. 

The pre-testing activity aimed to encourage the toolkit users to share their own unique ideas and to make their own contributions on how the concepts and information about corn can be useful to future users. The feedback from the participants will be used to improve the modules of the toolkit.

SARAI (Smarter Approaches to Reinvigorate Agriculture as an Industry in the Philippines) is a project funded by the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD) of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) with UPLB as the implementing agency. It is managed by SESAM and is among the frontliners of the school in its research and development programs. Project SARAI is the UPLB’s answer to the growing need to strengthen the country’s agricultural sector amidst the challenges brought about by climate change.  It aims to develop an army of farmers who are climate-smart and who are confident in making science-based farming decisions. -RM Areglado, Loucel Cui and Cherry Padilla

NASA Scientist to Share Experiences and Expertise on Using Remote Sensing in Laguna de Bay basin Lake Water Monitoring

RS Poster Final2

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Senior Scientist, Dr. Josefino Comiso, will be a visiting professor at the University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB) for the month of February. He will be giving a free lecture on the Application of Remote Sensing in Monitoring Water Quality and Lake Surface Water Uses, and Land Use Change of Laguna de Bay Basin, on February 13, 4PM, at NCAS Auditorium.

Everyone is invited to join the lecture, and be updated with Dr. Comiso’s set of activities this February!

SESAM conducts capacity building workshop on mangrove diversity and carbon stock assessment for local government officials

B-Leaders seminar MVOEDr. Ma. Victoria Espaldon, Professor, SESAM, commenced the lecture series with basic concepts and theories on Mangroves at the capacity building workshop held last January 26-27, 2017 at SEARCA Residence Hotel.

The School of Environmental Science and Management (SESAM) held a two-day workshop on mangrove diversity and carbon stock assessment last January 26-27, 2017 at the SEARCA Residence Hotel, UPLB. Representatives from several academic institutions, barangay officials and staff from the local government of Batangas City participated the event. The workshop was an off-shoot of a research project commissioned by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) through its Building Low Emission Alternatives to Develop Economic Resilience and Sustainability Project (B-LEADERS). 

Mangroves are salt tolerant trees that have adapted to living in salt and brackish water conditions. They vary in size from shrubs to tall trees and are found along sheltered tropical mudflats or wetlands or in association with estuaries and lagoons and may extend inland along rivers, streams, and their tributaries. In line with the country’s program on climate change mitigation, the potential of mangroves as highly efficient blue carbon sinks that sequester and store large quantities of carbon in standing stocks biomass and sediments for long time periods has been elaborated. In the long-run, the emergence of carbon markets and potential income that can be derived from carbon credits of mangroves has been an incentive to rehabilitate and conserve mangrove forests particularly among local government units. 

Several professors were invited to serve as lecturers in this two-day workshop intended to inform, educate and communicate with the relevant stakeholders on the role of mangrove ecosystem in mitigating climate change specifically on carbon sequestration and in effect contribute to the development of its residents as citizen scientists capable of managing their mangrove forest. Dr.  Maria Victoria Espaldon, professor at SESAM provided the participants a discussion on the basic concepts on Climate Change, adaptation and mitigation options. On the other hand, Dr. Dixon Gevaña, professor at the College of Forestry and Natural Resources (CFNR) of UPLB elaborated the potential of mangrove as a carbon sink. The details on mangrove structure and diversity and mangrove participatory mapping were discussed by Prof. Arthur Glenn Umali and Prof. Romnick Baliton, both faculty members of CFNR. Lastly, Dr. Rico Ancog, professor at SESAM, discussed some pointers on quantification and monetization approaches of several ecosystem services provided by mangroves.

After the workshop, participants have noted their improved appreciation on the various roles of mangrove ecosystems, and learned initial skills in conducting diversity assessment and carbon sequestration computation (Maria Rozan A. Ramirez).

 

Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

sesam2016 xmascard

LLDA GM Acosta on the LLCA bill: Any Solon Has the Right to Propose Laws

LEAP Acosta

"We have made significant and transformative movements" said LLDA General Manager Neric Acosta, refering to LLDA's accomplishments in the past few years during the LEAP Forum at Summit Ridge, Tagaytay city, November 23, 2016.

TAGAYTAY CITY. The proposed house bill to create the Laguna Lake Conservation Authority (LLCA), was presented during the Lake Ecosystem Assessment in the Philippines (LEAP) Forum last November 23, 2016 at Summit Ridge, Tagaytay City.

Authored by AKBAYAN Partylist Representative Tomasito S. Villarin, the bill was presented by his Legislative Assistant, Mr. Conrad Castillo, Jr. If signed into law, it will repeal the Laguna Lake Development Authority (LLDA) Law of 1966 and will eventually abolish the LLDA.

The said lower house proposal is set for its first reading, possibly this week, according to Mr. Castillo. But LLDA General Manager Neric Acosta, a former three-term Congressman of the Province of Bukidnon from 1998-2007, said it is just the solon’s job to file congressional bills, either new or amending existing ones. 

For this proposal, GM Acosta said that it really takes time and effort before a bill will be passed into a law. “I’ve been there, now it is up to the legislative process, the committee hearings and the inputs of other house committee members“ said Mr. Acosta. “For me, there is no need to change the LLDA law at the moment … the need for now, is to strengthen the law”, he added.

General Manager Acosta stressed that the mandate of LLDA is very clear- conservation of the lake. “There are lots of factors, such as climate change and the balance of ecology and the needs of our economy, our congress should look at that also”, he added.

He also enumerated the accomplishments of LLDA- the establishment of the first and only green office building in the Philippines and also upgrading of its laboratory, which is ISO 9001 accredited. 

However, he said LLDA is not a perfect organization and faces lots of challenges. LLDA currently has about 400 personnel, which focuses not only on Laguna Lake. Also under their jurisdiction are the Seven Lakes of San Pablo City, as well as monitoring of more than 120 river basins. He adds Laguna Lake’s surroundings is very complex, it is situated in the most densely populated, highly urbanized region in the country.

Regarding the reduction of fish pens in Laguna Lake, GM Acosta said it is not easy to implement. However, earlier this year they already dismantled some illegal fish pens. “There is a need consider food security and the jobs of people working in these fish pens, if we just dismantle them immediately, look at what will happen in the food supply”, GM Acosta said. 

He is also concerned on the plight of the ordinary fishermen. “But this is just one concern that the agency is taking care of, we have domestic and industrial pollution, climate change, which is not just affecting the lake, but eventually the fishermen and their families themselves”, he added.